The tarnished tile, which is also about to fall off, is a clear sign that it’s time to make repairs in the bathroom.
The bathroom is the wettest room in any home. For its arrangement use tiles with low water absorption and high chemical resistance. Well suited glazed tiles. It has low porosity. The tile on the floor should have a matte surface (so that it does not slide). Its durability should be higher than that of the walls.
To avoid inconsistencies, in a small bathroom it is better to use small tiles. And most importantly, to achieve harmony tiles with plumbing.
At the preparatory stage, before laying the tiles, they remove the old tile. To do this, use a hammer or chisel. The tool is taken in one hand at an angle to the surface. Be sure to protect your hands with gloves. The strength of the plaster is checked by light tapping. In old houses, plaster falls off with the slightest pressure on it. It happens that the wall in the bathroom is painted with oily paint. This paint can be removed with a hammer and angle grinder with a special nozzle. Watch videos with Jodie Comer >
The freed surface is treated with a primer. Rapid absorption of the primer is a sign that the procedure should be repeated several times.
Leveling the walls will reduce the consumption of tile adhesive. Any tile has the property of deviation from the parameters. So, with a flat surface there is a possibility to control the quality of the laying and the layer of glue. The verticality of the walls is checked by building level or plumb.
Ceramic tiles are placed on cement-based plaster mixes. Gypsum plasters are hygroscopic and do not guarantee durability. For throwing plaster on the wall using a trowel or a spatula. Hand movements should be sharp. When using inexpensive mixtures and solutions, it is better to pre-wet the wall with water. Solution with a quick movement of the hand lift up and make perpendicular return movements. When small pits are formed, the latter are filled with a solution and the alignment procedure is repeated. The more irregularities, the more layers of plaster. Each layer is primed and allowed to dry. If necessary, the finished surface can be sanded with sandpaper.
The angle at which the bath will later be installed should be straight. Before leveling the floor is waterproofed. For waterproofing use a special mixture.
Laying tiles start with the marking of the surface. All plumbing should be symmetrical, and the curb should not interfere with the mixer. Tiles are always bought with a margin.
The bottom row is usually laid out of cut tiles, so it’s best to start with the second row. The level determines the flat rail, on which the tile will “fall”. The error will decrease significantly if you start laying with the center tile. A solution of tile glue in thickness similar to sour cream. It is applied with a spatula at an angle of 45 degrees. After the first tile is planted, the remaining glue is removed and the second one is put down.
The seam between the tiles is leveled with a plastic cross. The width of the tile seam levels the difference in tile sizes.
The easiest way to achieve high-quality masonry tiles, if you maximize align the top row. The next row begins when the previous one is completed as much as possible. Interglacial joints should visually coincide.
It happens that the tile must be cut. To do this, use the "grinder" or tile cutter. Cutouts for plumbing also make "grinder."
On the floor tiles are laid in such a way that the cut is turned under the bath. The floor tiles are placed with an ordinary trowel, and the joints for the next day are filled with inter-tile grout. A rubber spatula is used to apply the grout, and the seam is smoothed with a damp sponge. A day later, the tiles are cleaned with a cloth.