The life of a peasant in Germany was not easy. Barshchina became harder. Men for weeks had to leave their home and yard to carry out hunting duties. They put beasts on hunters, transferred killed game or, at best, were squires. They had to be on the spot at the first wave of the hand or whistle of the master. In addition, the duty to feed and maintain the prince's hunting dogs a heavy burden fell on the already meager table of the slaughtered peasant masses.
A similar state lasted until the XVIII century. The political events of this century brought with it varied changes in land use and the hunting economy of the German land magnates. In 1794, in Prussia, a decree was issued, according to which the hunt became the royal regalia, and the Prussian king alone - its supreme controller. Henceforth, the hunting economy of the kingdom was regulated by special provisions prescribing the procedure for managing the hunt, the rules for its management and the protection of hunting animals and birds.
The year 1848, together with the whirlwind of the bourgeois revolution that was raging over Germany, brought radical changes.
Once and for all, all duties, tithes, and taxes, which had been brought before the treasury, to the princely persons and their servants, were abolished.
With the opening of hunting in Prussia on September 1, 1848, bloody clashes began between peasants and junkers. The former stood on the fact that the March revolution abolished the feudal right of hunting, the nobles still considered hunting to be their sole privilege, they continued to trample the peasant fields. Based on the protests of the peasants, the National Assembly of Prussia was forced to abolish the right to hunt foreign lands without any compensation to the nobles for the restriction directed against them. The king himself did not dare to refuse the approval of this decree.
The activity of the National Assembly was short-lived, since it was not based on progressive, most revolutionary forces. Again, the reaction won. She in 1850 approved a new statute on which the right to hunt was directly associated with the land qualification. The new law met the interests of the cadets and the big bourgeoisie. Small-scale peasants and middle peasants again lost the opportunity to hunt, since the minimum area of the hunting ground was determined by the new law of 75 hectares.
Over the next 50 years, no significant changes were made to the hunting legislation, except perhaps in 1870, when Prussia prohibited the use of various kinds of hinges for catching birds and animals, and changed the order of organization of game reserves.
A new position on hunting was published in 1907. With few exceptions, it spread to the whole territory of Germany in those years. They established the right of hunting, hunting districts and the management of the latter, the organization of nature conservation, etc. However, the maintenance of personal hunting was still allowed only with land ownership of 75 hectares and more. Even under the Weimar Republic, hunting rights remained in the hands of large landowners and capitalists. tr.odessa.natashaescort.com